Emotion Seminar

Spring 2012 (Psych 225)-Naomi Eisenberger



Week 1:  Introduction to the Course

Introductions to the course and to each other 

In-class movie & discussion: Why Dogs Smile & Chimpanzees Cry

Week 2:  Emotion:  Some of the Early Thinkers

James, W.  (1884). What is an emotion?  Mind, 9, 188-205. 


Cannon, W. B.  (1927). The James-Lange theory of emotions: A critical examination and an alternative theory. The American Journal of Psychology, 100, 567-586.   


Schacter, S., & Singer, J. E.  (1962).  Cognitive, social, and physiological determinants of emotional state. Psychological Review, 69, 379-399. 


Expert readings:

Hohmann, G.W. (1966). Some effects of spinal cord lesions on experienced emotional feelings.Psychophysiology, 3, 143-156.  


Bermond, B., Nieuwenhuyse, B., Fasotti, L., & Schuerman, J.  (1991).  Spinal cord lesions, peripheral feedback, and intensities of emotional feelings.  Cognition and Emotion, 5, 201-220.  


Dutton, D. G., & Aron, A. P. (1974).  Some evidence for heightened sexual attraction under conditions of high anxiety. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 30, 510-517.  


Week 3:  Dominant Models of Emotion

Ekman, P.  (1992).  An argument for basic emotions.  Cognition and Emotion, 6, 169-200. 

Ekman (1992)-An argument for basic emotions

Barrett, L. F. (in press). Emotions are real. Emotion.  


Panksepp, J. (2007). Neurologizing the psychology of affects:  How appraisal-based constructivism and basic emotion theory can coexist.  Perspectives on Psychological Science, 2, 281-296. 


Expert readings:

Bejjani et al. (1999). Transient acute depression induced by high-frequency deep-brain stimulation.  New England Journal of Medicine, 340, 1476-1480.     


Mayberg, H. S., Lozano, A. M., Voon, V., McNeely, H. E., Seminowicz, D., Hamani, C., Schwalb, J. M., & Kennedy, S. H.  (2005). Deep brain stimulation for treatment-resistant depression.  Neuron, 45, 651-660.        


Ekman, P., Levenson, R. W., & Friesen, W. V.  (1983). Autonomic nervous system activity distinguishes among emotions.  Science, 221, 1208-1210. 


Week 4:  Basic Affective Systems, Complex Emotional Experience

Lieberman, M.D., & Eisenberger, N.I. (2009) Pains and pleasures of social life. Science, 323, 890-891.   

Lieberman-Eisenberger-2009- Science

Eisenberger, N.I., Lieberman, M.D., Williams, K. D. (2003). Does rejection hurt? An fMRI study of social exclusion.  Science, 302, 290-842. 


Zhong, C.B. & Leonardelli, G.J. (2008)  Cold and lonely: Does social exclusion literally feel cold? Psychological Science, 19, 838-842. 


Wheatley, T. & Haidt, J. (2005).  Hypnotic disgust makes moral judgments more severe. Psychological Science, 16, 780-784.  


Expert readings:

Izuma, K., Saito, D. N., & Sadato, N. (2008).  Processing of social and monetary rewards in the human striatum.  Neuron, 58, 284-294.   


Moll, J., Krueger, F., Zahn, R., Pardini, M., de Oliveria-Souza, R. & Grafman, J. (2006).  human fronto-mesolimbic networds guide decisions about charitable donation.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 103, 15623-15628.  


Takahashi, H., Kato, M., Matsuura, M., Mobbs, D., Suhara, T., Okubo, Y. (2009).  When your gain is my pain and your pain is my gain: Neural correlates of envy and schadenfreude.  Science, 323, 937-939.   


Chapman, H. A., Kim, D. A., Suskind, J. M., & Anderson, A. K. (2009). In bad taste: Evidence for the oral origins of mortal disgust. Science, 323, 1222-1226. 


Week 5:  No Class

Week 6:  Expression of Emotion

Ekman, P.  (1993).  Facial expression and emotion.  American Psychologist, 48, 376-379.


Darwin, C. (1872). The expression of the emotions in man and animals. Chapter 2. [reprinted in 1998]. Oxford University Press. (p. 55-69).  


Susskind, J. M., Lee, D. H., Feiman, R., Cusi, A., Grabski, W., & Anderson, A. K.  (under review).  Facing danger:  expressing fear enhances perception and action.   


Hertenstein, M. J., Keltner, D., App, B., Bulleit, A., & Jaskolka, A. R.  (2006).  Touch communicates distinct emotions.  Emotion, 6, 528-533.  


Expert readings:

Lerner, J.S., Dahl, R.E., Hariri, A.R., & Taylor, S.E. (2007). Facial expressions of emotion reveal neuroendocrine and cardiovascular stress responses. Biological Psychiatry, 61, 253-260. 

Lerner_2007_Facial Expressions of Emotion Reveal Neuroendocrine and Cardiovascular Stress Responses

Neal, D. T., & Chartland, T. L. (in press). Embodied emotion perception: Amplifying and damaing facial feedback modulates emotion perception accuracy. Social Psychological and Personaility Science.


Aviezer et al. (2008). Angry, digusted, or afraid? Studies on the malleability of emotion perception.Psychological Science, 19, 724-732.


Week 7:  Attachment and Emotion

In-class movie and discussion:  John, Aged 17 Months, for 9 Days in a Residential Nursery (1969).

Bowlby, J.  (1990).  The origins of attachment theory.  A secure base:  parent-child attachment and healthy human developement (pp. 20-38).  New York:  Basic Books.


Harlow, H. F.  (1958).  The nature of love.  American Psychologist, 13, 673-685. 


Herman B.A. & Panksepp, J. (1978). Effects of morphine and naloxone on separation distress and approach attachment: Evidence for opiate mediation of social affect. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, & Behavior, 9, 213-220.      


Hofer, M.A. (1984).  Relationships as regulators: A psychobiological perspective on bereavement. Psychosomatic Medicine, 46, 183-197.  

Hofer (1984) PsychosomaticMed

Expert readings:

Bartz, J. A., Zaki, J., Ochsner, K. N., Bolger, N., Kolevzon, A., Ludwig, N., & Lydon, J. E. (2010). Effects of oxytocin on recollections of maternal care and closeness. PNAS, 107, 21371-21375


Eisenberger, N. I., Inagaki, T. K., Taylor, S. E., Shirinyan, D., Lieberman, M. D., & Naliboff, B. D. (2011). Attachment figures activate a safety signal-related neural regions and reduce pain experience.PNAS, 108, 11721-11726.


Week 8:  Emotion Regulation

Gross, J.J. & Thompson, R.A. (2007). Emotion regulation: Conceptual Foundations. In J.J. Gross (Ed.)Handbook of emotion regulation. New York: Guilford Press.


Pennebaker, J. W. (1997). Writing about emotional experiences as a therapeutic process. Psychological Science, 8, 162-166.


Tamir, M.  (2005).  Don’t worry, be happy?  Neuroticism, trait consistent affect regulation and performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89, 449-461.


Expert readings:

Ochsner, K.N., Bunge, S.A., Gross, J.J., & Gabrieli, J.D.E. (2002). Rethinking feelings: An fMRI study of the cognitive regulation of emotion. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 14, 1215-1229.   


Lieberman, M.D., Eisenberger, N.I., Crockett, M.J., Tom, S.M., Pfeifer, J.H., & Way, B.M. (2007). Putting feelings into words: Affect labeling disrupts amygdala activity in response to affective stimuli.Psychological Science, 18, 421-428.   


Creswell, J.D., Way. B.M., Eisenberger, N.I., & Lieberman, M.D. (2007).  Neural correlates of dispositional mindfulness during affect labeling.  Psychosomatic Medicine, 69, 560-565. 


Week 9:  Emotions, Stress, and Illness

Sapolsky, R.M. (1998). Why zebras don’t get ulcers: An updated guide to stress, stress-related diseases, and coping. Chapters 1-2. W.H. Freeman and Company: New York. (pp. 1-36). 

Ch1_zebras and Ch2_zebras

Kemeny, M. E. (2009).  Psycholobiological responses to social threat: Evolution of a psychological model in psychoneuroimmunology. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 23, 1-9.  


Taylor, S.E., Klein, L.C., Lewis, B.P., Gruenwald, T.L., Gurung, R.A.R., & Updegraff, J.A.  (2000). Biobehavioral responses to stress in females: Tend-and-befriend, not fight-or-flight.  Psychological Review, 107, 411-429.    


Hennessy, M.B., Schiml-Webb, P.A., & Deak, T.  (2009).  Separation, sickness, and depression: A new perspective on an old animal model.  Current Directions in Psychological Science, 18, 227-231.   


Expert readings:

Cohen, S., Tyrell, D.A.J., & Smith, A.P.  (1991).  Psychological stress and susceptibility to the common cold.  The New England Journal of Medicine, 325, 606-612.   

Cohen-et-al-1991- NEJMed

Dickerson, S.S., Mycek, P.J., & Zaldivar, F. (2008). Negative social evaluation, but not mere social presence, elicits cortisol responses to a laboratory stressor task. Health Psychology, 27, 116-121. 


Cole, S. W. (2009). Social regulation of human gene expression. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 18, 132-137.


Week 10:  Happiness, Emotions, and Well-being

Fredrickson, B. L. (1998).  What good are positive emotions? Review of General Psychology, 2, 300-319.


Wilson, T.D., & Gilbert, D.T. (2005).  Affective forecasting: Knowing what to want. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 14, 131-134. 


Mauss, I. B., Tamir, M., Anderson, C. L., Savino, N. S. (2011). Can seeking happiness make people unhappy? Paradoxical effects of valuing happiness. Emotion, 11, 807-815. 


Expert readings:

Myers, D.G., & Diener, E. (1995).  Who is happy? Psychological Science, 6, 10-19. 


Wilson, T.D., Centerbar, D.B., Kermer, D.A., & Gilbert, D.T. (2005).  The pleasures of uncertainty: Prolonging positive moods in ways people do not anticipate.  Journal of Personality  and Social Psychology, 88, 5-21.


Dunn, E. W., Aknin, L. B., & Norton, M. I. (2008). Spending money on others promotes happiness.Science, 319, 1687-1688.